How to Identify Research Misconduct

According to the Office of Research Integrity (ORI), research misconduct is defined as fabrication, falsification, or plagiarism in proposing, performing, or reviewing research, or in reporting research results. UNM FHB Policy E:40 establishes these definitions:

  • Fabrication is making up data or results and recording or reporting them.
  • Falsification is manipulating research materials, equipment, or processes, or changing or omitting data or results such that the research is not accurately represented in the research record.
  • Plagiarism is the appropriation of another person’s ideas, processes, results, or words without giving appropriate credit.

Data suggests< that as many as 1 in 100 investigators could be involved in issues of fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism.  Incidences of questionable research practices in general could be much higher, with estimated rates of 10% to 30%.

For more information about how to identify research misconduct, see: